Afar Integrated Dryland Management

What is the project about

The Afar Integrated Dryland Management Project (AIDMP) is a scale-up of a pilot project implemented in Mile administrative district, Afar National Regional State (ANRS), during 2006 – 2008 under the ‘Mile Integrated Dryland Management Project’ and simply referred to widely as the Mile Project.

The current project is being implemented in Dewe, Mile, Chifra, Ewa, and Awra Weredas (administrative district) by the Afar Environment Protection and Rural Land use and Administration Agency as Regional implementing partner. These two projects (the former and the current) are projects implemented as part of Ethiopia’s contribution to the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). The Royal Government of Norway (RNE) has provided funds to UNDP’s Drylands Development Centre (DDC) for implementation of dryland management projects in Ethiopia (AIDMP) as components of the global Integrated Drylands Development Programme (IDDP).

The main objective of this project is to  improve the livelihood and coping mechanisms of pastoral communities of 5 administrative by enhancing their capacity to sustainably manage and use natural resources through the implementation of adaptation activities that are identified in the 5 administrative districts.

The AIDMP seeks to strengthen the adaptive capacity of Afar people in building climate resilient sustainable development through the implementation of the Regional and administrative district level Climate Change Adaptation Programme. These in turn will be the basis for implementing local level integrated dryland management programme initiatives.

The project provides institutional support for integrated dry land management; Strengthens capacity for Sustainable Dryland Management; Supports livelihood diversification activities; and disseminates communication and information on sustainable land management.


What have we accomplished so far

Soil and water conservation The conditions of drylands in the project districts have significantly been improved through integrated management of the natural resources. The project has taken such measures including erosion control, water harvesting techniques/water storage and conservation measures, afforestation so as to arrest soil erosion, improving ground water recharge.

The project has supplied different farm equipments for soil and water conservation activities, and also promoted the construction of watershed management activities.

The Physical soil and water conservation structures includes the construction of 250 km soil and stone bunds and a variety of water retention structures. As part of water and soil conservation activity, gabion reinforced river bank stabilization and gully reclamation activities have been conducted.

Biological water and soil conservation measures including the plantation of multipurpose trees (forage trees, grasses and fruits) has been carried out in order to stabilize the physical structures.

Alternative energy sources and Alternative housing technology The AIDLMP has been promoting alternative energy source such as solar panels. Health institutes, which have suffered a lot due to absence of electricity, are now enjoying the multiple advantages of solar electrification. This also means that they are able to protect vaccines and drugs.

Communities have benefited from the introduction of Mud Bricks as alternative construction materials, with ecological, economical and social advantages as compared with wooden houses. In addition to the environmental gains, due to drastically reduced deforestation, low material and construction cost, this initiative has opened up income regenerating activities for members of the local community.

Fodder banks establishment  The AIDLMP has been working on the establishment of fodder banks at all the project districts. Five fodder banks have been established near perennial rivers and Alfalfa, Panicum and Rhodes grass have been grown watered with irrigation. These provide different forages for distribution to the community members for use during forage deficit times of the year.

Who Finances it?

The Afar Integrated Dryland Management Project (AIDMP) has been funded by the  Government of Norway, through the United Nations Dry land Development Center (DDC), and the Global Environment Facility (GEF).

Donor name Amount contributed per year (in USD)
Government of Norway
Government of Noway
Government of Norway

Delivery in previous fiscal year

Amount disbursed per year (USD)

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