Building Ethiopia’s Resilience: Climate Action Report Identifies Cross Sector IssuesJan 4, 2016
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 4 January 2016 — Ethiopia has outlined its latest progress and challenges on its efforts to address the country’s vulnerability to climate change.
The comprehensive multi-sector update is part of Ethiopia’s second national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ahead of the UN climate conference in Paris, COP21, held in December 2015. The report was prepared with the support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
The report paid special attention to UNFCCC requirements to submit the results of the national inventory of greenhouse gas (GHG), which indicated that agriculture, land use and forestry accounted for 79% of all emissions by sector. The industrial processes and pructs use (IPPU), waste and energy sectors contributed 15%, 5%, and 1% respectively.
Highlighting Ethiopia’s vulnerability to climate change and need for a robust disaster risk management, the report noted, “Disasters pose serious impediments to Ethiopia’s socio-economic development, and have the potential to reverse gains made over the years, squander vast resource investments and exacerbate poverty levels.”
Poor agriculture and livestock practices, degraded environment as well as high population growth and continued high levels of poverty are making Ethiopia’s vulnerability to climate change worse and leading to negative impacts such as food insecurity due to droughts and floods.
While the report acknowledges that local farmers have for some time now noted the changing nature of the rainy season and that severe weather events are becoming more common, the study also predicts increasing climate vulnerability for the country’s Belg (short rainy season) and Kremt (long rainy season) seasons across regions leading to more dry spells that would further compromise productivity and food security.
Groundwater is said to account for over 80% of the country’s potable water supply and the report also notes that climate change is expected to lead to water scarcity for Ethiopia by 2020 with rainfall predicted to reduce and increasing population placing a strain on limited resources.
The country has a number of national development plans that integrate climate change adaptation and mitigation interventions. These include the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) as well as the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy, the National Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) and the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA).
Also on the list is Ethiopia’s Programme of Adaptation to Climate Change (EPACC) that outlines 20 climate change risks facing the country due to environmental stress and insecurity. The EPACC also indicates the institutions that are responsible for leading efforts to mitigate each risk identified including in the areas of negative impacts on human, animals, crops, urban and rural land, biodiversity, water resources, and agriculture.
UNDP supports Ethiopia’s efforts to reduce its vulnerabilities and build its resilience and meet its development agenda through prioritizing multi-dimensional interventions that help strengthen national capacity in the areas of climate information and early warning system; disaster risk reduction and livelihoods recovery; environment and biodiversity conservation; renewable energy; and sustainable cities.
About the UNFCCC
With 196 Parties, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has near universal membership and is the parent treaty of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.
The Kyoto Protocol has been ratified by 192 of the UNFCCC Parties. For the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol, 37 States, consisting of highly industrialized countries and countries undergoing the process of transition to a market economy, have legally binding emission limitation and reduction commitments. In Doha in 2012, the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol adopted an amendment to the Kyoto Protocol, which establishes the second commitment period under the Protocol. The ultimate objective of both treaties is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.