Ethiopia has taken several measures to respond to the challenges of climate change and national Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP),implemented during 2010/11-2014/15, highlights the vital role of environmental conservation in the sustainable development of the country. The GTP details building a green economy and implementing environmental laws as among the key strategic directions to be pursued by the country. articulated in its Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) vision document endorsed by the parliament at the end of 2011.
This initiative, comprising a strategy for climate resilient development and another for a green economy, seeks to improve resilience to climate change, ensure abatement, enhance avoidance of future emissions, as well as foster both economic development and less carbon dependent growth.Ethiopia's Climate Resilient Development Strategy focuses on adapting to climate change to minimize the potential risks and to maximize the potential benefits. Ethiopia is working to reduce risk systematically by building resilience through an ntegrated disaster risk reduction and management system and by executing medium and long-term climate change adaptation measures. The country also supports conservation and rehabilitation of environmental resources and is embedding climate resilience into its development policies, plans and programmes.
Climate Resilient Green Economy
The Green Economy Strategy seeks to seize the opportunities opening up due to the evolving international response to climate change. These include carbon finance payments for activities, such as planting new forests and leaving pollutant technologies, which reduce global carbon emissions. Carbon financing has the potential to be a major revenue source for Ethiopia and the co-benefits for health, overall wellbeing, economic growth and natural resource conservation are also significant. To date, the green economy strategy has identified and prioritized over 60 initiatives or programme areas within the sectors of livestock, soil based emission, REDD+, power, transport, industry and green cities and buildings that could help Ethiopia to pursue its green economic development path.
Ethiopia is well positioned to become a regional and global leader in low carbon growth which will have environmental legacy and commercial benefit long into the future. However, to effectively implement its CRGE strategy, the country needs to develop and implement relevant policies, access considerable financing, building the capacities of its institutional and legislative systems,and actively seek technology transfer.
Strengthening Disaster Risk Management
mitigation capacity and UNDP is supporting this effort by focusing its interventions in the areas of enhancing the development of national policies and strategies. Capacity building of the disaster risk management (DRM) workforce is also receiving support from UNDP as is initiatives to improve the Ethiopia's coordination as well as dialogue between its emergency management and disaster recovery.
UNDP has also collaborated with the Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) to help Ethiopia establish DRM resource center. Citizens' access to clean water, particularly in drought stricken areas has also improved with the assistance of UNDP. As has ensuring food security through promotion of diversification of livelihoods, climate smart agriculture, and reinvigorating community disaster risk management practices. UNDP also works alongside a core group of development partners to increase the distribution of fuelwood-efficient stoves in rural and urban areas. This initiative plans to produce and distribute 9 million high fuel efficient stoves by 2015 and 32 million by 2030. The government strongly believes that the use of these fuel efficient stoves can significantly reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and improve the health of many beneficiaries by reducing indoor pollution. The other benefits include freeing up time for children and women who are usual the ones tasked with spending hours collecting fuelwood. This intervention has meant improved
access to primary education for these children. The country is also benefiting from the large numbers of private sector jobs created through the formation of stove producer co-operatives.
Young Farmer Diversifies His Income
Omod Ojang Olok, 23, is a widower with three young children who earns his income from selling tomato and maize from his plot of land. With UNDP’s intervention, Omod received improved seeds - 10 grams of tomatoes seeds and 15kg of maize seeds – enough to plant 0.04 and 0.5 hectares of farm land respectively. Omod believes that with the help of the new seeds, he will increase his productivity significantly and his income would rise.