Promoting Autonomous Adaptation
What is the project about
UNDP Ethiopia has been implementing the “Promoting Autonomous Adaptation (PAA) at the local level” project since June 2012 (to be closed at the end of September 2016). The project is implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change with funds obtained from GEF. The total budget allocated to the project amounts to USD 5,003,761 from the GEF and USD 300,000 from UNDP. The total PAA project beneficiaries are 5,293 farmers (2,924 male and 2,369 female).
The Promoting Autonomous Adaptation interventions seeks to help communities adapt to climate change by developing and piloting a range of number of effective coping mechanisms that reduce the vulnerability of smallholder farmers.
The PAA project has piloted diversified climate change adaptation technologies which include:
(i) Climate Smart agricultural practices
(ii) Small scale irrigation practices
(iv) Energy efficient stoves
(v) Water shade management
(vi) Weather Index based risk management
The project activities range from introducing new technologies (such as automatic weather stations, solar pumps, modern irrigation technologies), providing high yielding, early maturing and drought resistant crop seeds and delivering assistance in irrigation from rainwater harvest to conducting trainings to teach the farmers how to rehabilitate the degraded watershed.
The intervention also helps to develop the capacity of planning authoritie to include climate risks into their planning processes and provide support to communities.
The project pilot sites are Enderta, Adamitulu-Jido-Kombolcha, Asosa, Gambella woredas and Addis Ababa City Administration.
What have we accomplished so far
· The Promoting Autonomous Adaptation at the local level in Ethiopia project has undertaken activities that fight food insecurity and focus on improving framers’ resilience to climatic change shocks through introducing diversified income generating activities. The vulnerable communities in the pilot district have seen an improvement in their livelihoods and their resilience to Climate Change impacts.
· This was demonstrated during the recent El-Nino induced severe drought, (2015- 2016) which affected large parts of Ethiopia including the project site. The project sites did not receive any rain up until end of March 2016 and this has resulted in a visible decrease in the shore size of Lake Ziway which acts as a source of drinking water for both animals and human beings. Similarly one of the permanent rivers, namely Bulbula, in Desta Abjata Keble, which used to be a source of irrigation and livestock drinking water had completely dried up for long time.
· Despite the extended drought and its impact on nearby community and farmers in the area not targeted by the project, those farmers benefiting from the project have been able to grow and harvest cereal crops, vegetables and fruits, two to three times a year on the same plot of land. They have managed to do so by implementing small scale irrigation practices using solar energy water pumps from underground shallow wells.
Who Finances it?
Financing for this project is provided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF).