6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where we are?

The objective of MDG eight has been to rally and foster global partnerships to address global development challenges and mobilize resources to finance interventions aimed at achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Significant progress has been made in creating, maintaining and expanding global partnerships for development;especially in the context of securing debt relief and ensuring debt sustainability, as well as expanding access to information and communication technologies.

The flow of Official Development Assistance (ODA) to Ethiopia reached US$ 2,617.9 million and accounted for approximately 11% of the country’s national budget in 2011/12. While this amount of ODA appears to be large in absolute terms and in comparison to many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Ethiopia’s per-capita ODA is only US$31.5 compared to US$52.16 average for Sub-Saharan Africa.

Ethiopia’s export earnings have increased quite significantly over the last decade, accounting for 17% and 14% of GDP in 2010/11 and 2011/12, respectively compared to 6.8% of GDP in 2005/06 (National Account Estimates, MoFED 2011/12).

On the overall, Ethiopia has managed to register a remarkable broad-based economic growth over the past years. The consistent focus on poverty reduction programmes and the political commitment to achieving all the MDGs has resulted in significant gains on six of the eight MDGs targets. Nonetheless, additional efforts are required to advance and accelerate progress on achieving the MDG targets on gender equality, women’s empowerment, and improved maternal health where progress is less satisfactory.

UNDP's Work in Ethiopia

UNDP holds the multilateral chair position in the DAG rotating with the African Development Bank and the World Bank. (Right to Left: UNDP Resident Representative Mr. Eugene Owusu with AfDB Ethiopia Country Office Representative Mr. Lamin Barrow)

The Development Assistance Group (DAG) comprises 26 donors working in Ethiopia. The DAG was established in 2001 to support Ethiopia as it went through the development of its Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP).

The DAG Pooled Fund is managed by UNDP, which also hosts the DAG Secretariat staff. The four-year DAG project, to improve the impact of development assistance to Ethiopia and support the government in the country’s efforts to reduce poverty, has been finalized and signed off. The DAG Pooled Fund is estimated to cost some three million USD and has now entered its fourth phase. The DAG will continue its focus on strengthening the harmonization of development partners’ support towards meeting the targets set in the national strategy (Growth and Transformation Plan) and global goals such as MDG. Building on success and lessons learned from the previous three phases, special emphasis will put on improving the DAG-Government dialogue and coordination system as well as institutional capacity development.

Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population