6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where we are?

The MDG on combating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis has three specific targets. Two targets on HIV/AIDS aims at halting and beginning to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and to ensure universal access to treatment of HIV/AIDS for those who need treatment. The third target seeks to halt and begin to reverse the spread of malaria and tuberculosis by 2015.

Ethiopia has achieved significant progress towards meeting these targets and it is estimated that HIV/AIDS prevalence amongst the adult population has dropped to 1.5% in 2010/11 (EDHS, 2011) against the MDG target of 2.5%, indicating that the country has more than achieved this target2. Malaria control and prevention is one of the core interventions of the country’s primary health care system.

The percentage of children under the age of five that sleep under insecticide treated nets increased from 3% in 2005 to 33% in 2010/11 (Malaria Indicator Survey, 2011). The distribution of insecticide treated bed-nets has been a major factor in reducing malaria deaths, where have fallen by over 50% since 2007/08 (Banteyarga etal, 2011). The national tuberculosis detection and treatment success rates is estimated to have reached 63% and 88% in 2011/12 respectively, placing the country on track towards achieving the national target of 90% detection and cure rate by 2015.

Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs