6 Reduce child mortality
Where we are?
The MDG target on child health is to reduce child mortality by two-third between 1990 and 2015. In Ethiopia, under-five child mortality has substantially declined to 88 per 1,000 live births in 2010/11 from 123 per 1000 live births in 2004/05, registering a 28.4% reduction over the period of five years (EDHS, 2011). However, the level of decline varies by household wealth category, level of mother’s education and place of residence.
According to the result of EDHS conducted in 2010, the under-five mortality rates are higher among children from poor families than those from more prosperous families. For example, under-five mortality rate amongst the children from the richest quintile is only 86/1000 live birth compared to 137/1000 lives for children from the poorest quintile. Similarly, children whose mothers completed higher education had the lowest under-five mortality rate 24/1000 live births compared to children whose
mothers had no formal education 121/1000 live births. There are significant variations between rural and urban settings with UMR in urban area estimated at 83/1000 compared to 114 in rural areas. Infant mortality has declined from 97 in 2000/01 to 59 in 2010/11. The health extension programmes and the expansion of health facilities have played a significant part in reducing child mortality rates in Ethiopia over the last decade.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG4
- Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
- Under-five mortality rate
- Infant mortality rate
- Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles