Disaster Risk Management and Livelihood Recovery Programme - 2013 Annual Report
The UNDP DRM programme Strengthening National Capacity for Disaster Risk Reduction and Livelihood Recovery (DRR/LR) aims to strengthen the application of DRR practices throughout Ethiopia. UNDP supports the government in its efforts to systematically reduce disaster risks and impacts of disasters and to improve food security by developing capacity of national, regional and district level institutions as well as communities.
At the upstream level, UNDP supports the government in creating the building blocks for the national DRM architecture. Support to designing the Disaster Risk Management- Strategic Programme and Investment Framework (DRM-SPIF), establishment of the national Emergency Coordination Centre (to centralise weather and climate information systems and to enhance dissemination of Early Warning information) and the launch of the African Centre for DRM (to foster knowledge transfer and research on DRM) are a few examples of this work.
At the grassroots’ level, UNDP provides support to communities to enhance resilience building by promoting the build-back-better approach and addressing the underlying causes of disasters. This is done through enhancing livelihood recovery initiatives (such as cash-for-work schemes and restocking) designed in the drought or flood prone areas. The experiences and learnings from these community level engagements inform UNDP’s upstream and policy level work. UNDP also actively facilitates South-South cooperation and uses it as tool to develop capacity of its implementing partners through experience and knowledge sharing.
The target communities of the DRR/LR programme are vulnerable pastoralists and agropastoralists, reliant on the natural environment for their survival and directly facing the impacts of climate change and extreme weather events. Women are also benefitting from the programme, through their active role in the cooperatives and other activities. By feeding local level best practices into national policy formulation and frameworks (such as the DRM Strategic Planning and Investment Framework), Ethiopians at large also stand to benefit from the programme.
The programme is being implemented in Afar, Gambella, Oromia, and Somali, regions with the support of multiple donors (including Switzerland, Japan, and African Union) and UNDP core resources. The Programme is being implemented through an integrated approach to complement the government’s ongoing initiatives to sustainably reduce disaster risks. It is harmonized with the government’s overall development strategy, the Growth and Transformation Plan, to ensure vulnerability reduction and crisis prevention.
Thus, the Programme provides upstream policy support to mainstream DRM into overall development initiatives, puts systems in place for effective programming and planning at federal and regional levels, and provides livelihoods recovery at the community level.